Periodontics is the dental specialty that treats periodontal diseases. Periodontal diseases are those that affect the gums. The non-elimination of tartar in the mouth favors the appearance of plaques of bacteria that can accumulate below the gums. The gums become inflamed due to the infection and a disease called gingivitis occurs. If not treated properly or in time it can get worse by becoming periodontitis, the most serious form of periodontal disease.
Gingivitis is an infection of the gums in its initial state, it may not cause symptoms because it does not hurt or cause discomfort. However, as the disease progresses it can cause swelling or redness of the gums, as well as sensitivity of the area and constant bleeding.